Cezanne is said to have formed the bridge between late 19th-century Impressionism and the early 20th centurys new line of artistic enquiry, Cubism. Both Matisse and Picasso are said to have remarked that Cézanne "is the father of us all."
The Cezannes came from the commune of Saint-Sauveur (Hautes-Alpes, Occitania). Paul Cezanne was born on 19 January 1839 in Aix-en-Provence. On 22 February, he was baptized in the Église de la Madeleine, with his grandmother and uncle Louis as godparents, and became a devout Catholic later in life. His father (1798–1886), a native of Saint-Zacharie (Var), was the co-founder of a banking firm (Banque Cezanne et Cabassol) that prospered throughout the artists life, affording him financial security that was unavailable to most of his contemporaries and eventually resulting in a large inheritance.